Guidelines before and after dental implants

How to prepare for a dental implant? What is important to know? What are the side effects? What complications might arise? What is allowed to eat and drink? All recommendations in one place

 

Guidelines for before dental implantation

How to prepare for a dental implant?
Surgery for dental implantation to the jaws is often done under local anesthesia, so there is no need to fast before surgery. After surgery in the oral cavity (including surgery for dental implantation to the jaws), it is forbidden to eat for two hours before surgery. It is permissible to eat a light meal before surgery. Often, the doctor recommends taking antibiotics about an hour before a dental implant and for three to seven days, depending on the case.

How to deal with anxiety before dental implants?
Concerns and stress before dental implants are a most common and understandable issue among patients. In cases where there is a feeling of great difficulty in regulating the emotions and easing the stress, consider taking anti-anxiety drugs before the implantation, in coordination with the family doctor. In addition, preoperative blurring can be obtained in the presence of anesthesiologists, and in other exceptional cases general anesthesia can also be performed for extensive surgical treatment.

Guidelines for after dental implantation

Side Effects after Dental Implantation
After a dental implant, pain, bleeding, subcutaneous hemorrhages, and difficulty opening the mouth often occur. In addition, there is swelling that continues to develop, reaching a peak two to three days after surgery, and then begins to decline.

Complications after dental implantation
Postoperative infection is one of the complications that may develop. If the operation area is infected, the clinical signs are local fever, general high fever, pain or swelling that does not decrease after a week from surgery and pus secretion – in any of these cases you should contact the clinic. Also in the case of non-stop bleeding, contact the clinic. Other complications that may be caused by dental implantation are sensory disturbances in the lips and chin areas, damage to nearby teeth, or infection of the sinus cavity (Sinusitis). If the feeling of anesthesia does not end after a few hours or a sense of anesthesia is created in the tongue or chin in the lower jaw implant, immediately return to the doctor.

What is allowed to eat and drink after a dental implantation?
At the first two hours after dental implants have completely avoid eating. Afterwards, it is recommended to eat soft foods, preferably cold foods such as delicacies and ice creams. During the first 24 hours after a dental implant, it is recommended to avoid drinking hot.

How to reduce pain?
Pain is a common occurrence after a dental implant, and to relieve them, you can take pain killers which should be requested from your doctor. There will often be orders for two different types of pills.

Is it permissible to brush the teeth?
It is permissible to brush the teeth only a day after you have implanted your teeth, but it is important to avoid brushing teeth in the operation area – because of the sensitivity and not to cause the stitches to open. After removing the stitches, or after they have disappeared (if they are melting stitches), brush the teeth with a soft toothbrush and gentle movements.

Physical activity after dental implantation
Exercise increases the heart rate and blood pressure, so it can increase the swelling and cause bleeding. After dental implantation, it is recommended to avoid exercise according to the complexity of surgery and according to the doctor's recommendation – between three days and two weeks. It is important to return to physical activity gradually.

Check-up in the dental clinic
Usually the patient will be invited to the dental clinic for a follow-up a week after the implantation. Long-term follow-up is needed to check the health of the implants and the health of the tissues surrounding them. It is usually necessary to check once every six months, according to the doctor's instructions.

Oral and dental health after dental implantation
After dental implantation it is important to avoid smoking, which doubles the amount of implants failures. In addition, oral hygiene should be observed daily – It is not enough to brush teeth thoroughly, but it is also necessary to maintain hygiene between the teeth and the implants using brushes and toothpicks. It is recommended to visit a hygienist to remove plaques and scale at a frequency of between two and four times a year, depending on the patient's gum health. Implantation does not mean that gum disease cannot be caused by tissue around the implant, which can eventually lead to failure and fall of the implant just as teeth lose their grip due to gum disease.